Civil War Presentation Drum - This maple bodied Civil War drum accompanied by its original sticks and leather sling was presented to Oscar Beck Graham of the 122nd Illinois Infantry. This drum was acquired by our gallery from an antique dealer from upstate New York, who acquired the drum from another dealer who in turn purchased the drum from her next-door neighbor who was the namesake descendant of the drummer boy. Upon conducting soldier research, we uncovered an original newspaper article from the Jerseyville Republican, Dated April 25, 1918. Which reads as follows: "Interesting Relic of War - In the Library headquarters is an old drum of which is printed the following interesting piece of history: 'This drum was donated to the G.A.R. of Jerseyville by Mrs. Emily Gil. Oscar Beck Graham enlisted as a drummer boy in 1861 at the age of 14 years and was mustered out in 1865 and was presented this drum for faithful service.'" Mrs. Gill was a philanthropist of sorts. She was involved with the early days of the American Red Cross.
Condition: The drum presents in very good condition with original heads, ropes, snares, and ears. The top head bears the presentation in black ink. The maple body is sound and exhibits an intricate inlayed star design with bone insert at air vent. The ropes are solid with hooks affixed tot he rim. The original maple drumsticks are in excellent condition with some signs of use. The original leather neck sling is solid and the hook is present. One break in the leather on the right side. Includes soldier and regimental research, as well as Certificate of Authenticity.
Residence Brighton IL;
Enlisted on 8/10/1862 as a Musician.
On 9/4/1862 he mustered into "D" Co. IL 122nd Infantry
He was Mustered Out on 7/15/1865 at Mobile, AL
122nd IL Infantry (3-years )
Organized: Camp Palmer, Carlinville, IL on 9/4/62
Mustered Out: 7/15/65 at Mobile, AL
Officers Killed or Mortally Wounded: 2
Officers Died of Disease, Accidents, etc.: 0
Enlisted Men Killed or Mortally Wounded: 38
Enlisted Men Died of Disease, Accidents, etc.: 121
ILLINOIS 122ND INFANTRY (Three Years)
One Hundred and Twenty-second Infantry.-Col., John I. Rinaker; Lieut.-Col., James F. Drish; Maj., James F. Chapman.
This regiment was organized at Camp Palmer, Carlinville, in Aug., 1862, and was mustered into the U.S. service on Sept. 4, with 960 enlisted men. It remained in camp and was drilled until Oct. 8, and was then ordered to Columbus, Ky. In December, with other troops, it moved from Jackson, Tenn., where it was then stationed, had a skirmish with the enemy on the 19th, then moved on out to Lexington, and returned to Jackson on Dec. 21. On Dec. 30, a skirmish occurred with the enemy, in which the regiment participated, and on the following day it was engaged in a battle with the enemy under Forrest, in which the regiment lost 23 killed, 58 wounded and 1 missing. In April, 1863, the regiment took part in an expedition to Town creek, Ala., and was engaged with a Confederate force at that place. It was then assigned to railroad guard duty and during the ensuing months till Oct. 30, the men were constantly on duty and often engaged in skirmishes with cavalry forces of the enemy threatening the railroad. In Jan. 1864, the regiment was moved to Cairo, Ill. While there, in the following: March, a considerable Confederate force under Forrest attacked Paducah, Ky. Three companies of the regiment, E, H and K, took part in the defense and aided in repelling the enemy in the three several assaults he made on Fort Anderson at that place. In June, the regiment was ordered to Tennessee and in July, participated in the battle of Tupelo, Miss., losing 10 killed and 33 wounded. Near Abbeville it had a skirmish with the enemy in August. It was at Nashville in December and took part in the battle, capturing 4 pieces of artillery and a battleflag from the enemy, and losing in killed and wounded 26 men. In the early part of 1865, it was transferred to the Department of the Gulf, assisted in the investment of the Confederate fortifications at Fort Blakely and Spanish Fort, and materially aiding in capturing the latter place, the loss of the regiment being 20 men in killed and wounded. On June 5, the regiment moved to Mobile, Ala., where it was mustered out July 15, 1865.
Report of Maj. James F. Chapman, One hundred and twenty-second Illinois Infantry, of attack on Paducah.
HDQRS. DETACHMENT 122d ILLINOIS VOLUNTEERS, Paducah, Ky., March 29, 1864.
COL.: I have the honor to report the part taken by my command in the engagement at this place on the 25th day of March, 1864, between the forces of Gen. N. B. Forrest and those under your command:
Early on the morning of the 25th, I received orders of you through Lieut. Sergeant McKnight to keep my command in readiness to move at a moment's warning, and in case of an alarm to move into Fort Anderson at once. Between 1 and 2 p. m. a scout informed me that the enemy were in 3 miles of the city and approaching very rapidly. I immediately formed my men and moved to the fort as ordered, and formed my command on the west side of the front, with my right and left respectively resting near two 24-pounder siege guns, while in my center was a 24-pounder howitzer. In this position I awaited the approach of the enemy. At about 3 o'clock I discovered them forming in my front at a distance of 1,000 yards. They very soon moved forward in three lines, with skirmishers in front. The latter took possession of some dwellings and the general hospital No. 1, and commenced firing at us through the windows and around the corners of the houses. From this position they were soon dislodged. About this time a flag of truce was seen coming in, and I ordered my men to cease firing. Soon after the flag of truce returned the enemy again advanced, this time in heavy force led by Brig. Gen. A. P. Thompson. They filled all the houses in reach of the fort, and opened a heavy fire from behind every obstacle that would afford them protection. While the battle was raging Gen. Thompson was struck by a shell and instantly killed; two of his staff also fell dead near the spot where he lay. From the time they began to move into the houses until they were repulsed the fire of small-arms was almost incessant. Toward the last the firing was scattering, I having ordered my men not to fire without they could see the enemy. A feint, as though they would renew the assault, was made, but they fell back and did not renew it, and by 6 o'clock none of the enemy were in sight. Thus, after near three hours of hard fighting, the enemy was completely repulsed, leaving on the field 2 of their best generals, 1 captain, and 1 lieutenant, all killed. AS they moved all the wounded and most of the dead, it was impossible for me to ascertain what was their loss in my immediate front. As several wagons were employed for near half an hour removing them, I concluded their loss was very heavy. Fifteen dead bodies were left on the ground near the fort.
In behalf of my officers and men the highest praise is due. Not one but did his duty nobly. To particularize would be to name each officer and man. Never did men behave better or maneuver with better judgment.
My command consisted of Company C., Capt. L. King, 45 men; Company H, Capt. Ben. Leigh, 40 men; Company K, Capt. Josiah Borough, 35 men; aggregate, 120.*
I have the honor to be colonel, very respectfully, your obedient servant,
J. F. CHAPMAN, Major, commanding Detachment 122d Illinois Volunteers.
Col. S. G. HICKS, Commanding Post.
122nd REGIMENT INFANTRY:
Dyer's Regimental History
122nd REGIMENT INFANTRY.
Organized at Carlinville, Ill., and mustered in 4 September 1862.
Moved to Columbus, Ky, thence to Trenton, Tenn., October 8-12,1862, and duty there till December 18.
Attached to District of Jackson, Tenn., 13th Army Corps (Old), Dept. of the Tennessee to December 1862.
4th Brigade, District of Jackson, 16th Army Corps, to February 1863
2nd Brigade, District of Corinth, 16th Army Corps, to March 1863
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 16th Army Corps to December 1863
District of Columbus, Ky., 6th Division, 16th Army Corps, to June 1864
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 16th Army Corps to November 1864
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 16th Army Corps, to December 1864
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, Detachment Army of the Tennessee, Dept. of the Cumberland to February, 1865
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 16th Army Corps (New), Military Division West Mississippi, to July, 1865.
Right Wing of Regiment moved from Trenton, Tenn. to Humboldt, Tenn., November 12, 1862 to hold Mobile & Ohio R.R. from Trenton to Jackson.
Regiment moved to Jackson, Tenn., December 18, 1862.
Operations against Forest in West Tennessee December 18, 1862 - January 3, 1863
Action at Salem Cemetery, near Jackson December 19
Parker's Cross Roads December 30
Battle at Red Mound (or Parker's Cross Roads) December 31, 1862
At Trenton, Tenn. till February 17
Moved to Corinth, Miss. February 17 and duty there till June 24
Expedition to Northern Alabama, April 15 - May 8
Rock Creek, near Tuscumbia, April 22
Tuscumbia, April 23
Town Creek, April 28
Guard Memphis & Charleston R.R. from Middletown to Grand Junction, with Headquarters at Salisbury, Tennessee, June 25-October 31, 1863
Moved to Iuka, Miss. October 31 - November 1, thence to Eastport, Miss. November 5 and duty there till December 8
Moved to Paducah, Ky. December 8 and duty there till January 18, 1864
Moved to Cairo, Ill. January 18,and duty there till June
Operations against Forest in West Tennessee and Kentucky March 16- April 14,1864
Repulse of Forrest's attack on Paducah, Ky. March 25 (Co's C,H,and K)
Moved to LaGrange, Tenn. June 26-July 3, 1864
Smith's Expedition to Tupelo, Miss and return to Memphis Tenn. July 5-21, 1864
Battle of Harrisburg near Tupelo: July 14-15
Old Town Creek July 15
Smith's Expedition to Oxford, Miss., August 1 - 30
Moved to St. Louis, Mo. September 8
Pursuit of Price through Missouri: September to November
Moved to Nashville, Tenn., November 25-December 1
Battles of Nashville: December 15-16
Pursuit of Hood to the Tennessee River December 17-28
Moved to Eastport, Miss. and duty there till February 1865
Movement to New Orleans, LA, February 9-21
thence to Dauphin Island, Ala., March 6
Campaign against Mobile and its defences, March 22-April 12
Siege of Spanish Fort and Fort Blakely March 26-April 8
Assault and capture of Fort Blakely, April 9
March to Montgomery April 13 - 26 and duty there till June 5.
Moved to Mobile June 5 and duty there till July 15.
Mustered out at Mobile July 15.
discharged at Springfield, Ill. August 4, 1865.
Regiment lost during service 2 Officers and 38 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 121 Enlisted men by disease.
Inventory Number: MUS 042