Currier and Ives Memorial - Andersonville, Georgia - Vibrantly colored steel engraving showing a woman seated to left of stone, head in proper left hand aside stone “In Memory of Henry Bierman" who died at "Andersonville Prison" – soldiers marching away in right background. Dated 1862. Bierman of "H" Co. NY 85th Infantry was listed as a Prisoner of War on April 20th, 1864 at Plymouth, NC.
Initially, it was anticipated that the Civil War was going to be a quick Union victory with little bloodshed. However, it was soon clear that many battles would be fought and countless lives lost. By the time the war ended in 1865, more than 3 million Union and Confederate soldiers participated in the war. As a result, there were an estimated 620,000 casualties. Memorial prints, such as “The Soldier’s Grave,” were produced for families who lost loved ones in battle. Families could personalize the print by adding the individual’s information to the pictured tombstone. This print was completed for Henry Bierman, of the Town of Willing, who died at Andersonville Prison, Ga September 9th, 1864. Adding to the sentimentality of the image is the crying woman to the left of the gravestone and the weeping willow tree, a Victorian symbol of grief, bordering the top of the composition.
Andersonville, or Camp Sumter as it was known officially, held more prisoners at any given time than any of the other Confederate military prisons. It was built in early 1864 after Confederate officials decided to move the large number of Federal prisoners in and around Richmond to a place of greater security and more abundant food. During the 14 months it existed, more than 45,000 Union soldiers were confined here. Of these, almost 13,000 died from disease, poor sanitation, malnutrition, overcrowding, or exposure to the elements.
Residence was not listed; 23 years old.
Enlisted on 9/2/1861 at Wellsville, NY as a Private.
On 9/6/1861 he mustered into "H" Co. NY 85th Infantry
He died of disease as POW on 9/9/1864 at Andersonville, GA
He was listed as:
* POW 4/20/1864 Plymouth, NC
NEW YORK EIGHTY-FIFTH INFANTRY (Three Years)
Eighty-fifth Infantry.-Cols., Uriah L. Davis, Robert B. Van Valkenburgh, Jonathan S. Belknap, Eurice Fardella, William W. Clark; Lieut.-Cols., Jonathan S. Belknap, Abijah I. Wellman, William W. Clark, Seneca Allen; Majs., Abijah J. Wellman, Reuben V. King, Walter Crandall, Chauncey S. Aldrich.
This regiment, recruited in the southern part of the state, was mustered into the U. S. service at Elmira, from Aug. to Dec., 1861, for a three years' term, and left for Washington on Dec. 3. It served in the defenses of Washington until the advance of the army to the Peninsula in March, 1862, when it was assigned to the 3d brigade, 2nd division, 4th corps.
It performed trench duty before Yorktown and other duties incident to the siege, was active at the battle of Williamsburg and was closely engaged at Fair Oaks, where its total loss was 79 in killed, wounded and missing.
Upon the return from the Peninsula, the regiment was stationed at Newport News and late in the autumn moved to Suffolk, where it was assigned in Dec., 1862, to the 1st brigade, 1st division, Department of North Carolina, and ordered to New Berne. There it took part in the Goldsboro expedition, and in Jan., 1863, became a part of the 1st brigade, 4th division, 18th corps.
In the summer of 1863 it was located in the District of Albemarle and undertook various expeditions into the surrounding country, meeting the enemy in several minor encounters. In Jan., 1864, the 85th was assigned to the 3d brigade, 1st division, 18th corps, and ordered to Plymouth, N. C., where in April, it was obliged to surrender to a superior force of the enemy, almost the entire regiment being captured.
As a result of this disaster the loss of life in Southern prisons was appalling-222 deaths during imprisonment being reported. The remnant of the regiment received transfer the members of the 16th N. Y. cavalry and having previously reenlisted, served throughout the war as the 85th regiment.
It was posted at Roanoke island and was active in the Carolina campaign in March, 1865, after which it performed garrison duty at New Berne until June 27, 1865, when it was mustered out in that city. During its term of service the command lost 36 members by death from wounds, 103 from accident or disease, and the 222 who died in prison.
NEW YORK EIGHTY-FIFTH REGIMENT OF INFANTRY (VETERAN). (Three Years)
This regiment, Col. Uriah L. Davis, was organized at Elmira November 7, 1861, and there mustered in the service of the United States for three years between August and December, 1861. April 20, 1864, the regiment was surrendered at Plymouth, N. C.; about the same time a number of the men of the 16th Cavalry were transferred to the remnant of the regiment, which, at the expiration of its term, was continued in service.
The companies were recruited principally: A at Olean; B at Canandaigua; C at Friendship; D at Little Genesee; E at Granger; F at Black Creek and Friendship; G at Geneva; H at Wellsville; I at Richburgh, and K at Hinsdale.
The regiment left the State December 3, 1861; served in the 3d Brigade, Casey's Division, Army of Potomac, from December, 1861; in Palmer's, 3d, Brigade, Casey's, 2d, Division, 4th Corps, Army of Potomac, from March 13, 1862; in 2d Brigade, 2d Division, 4th Corps, Army of Potomac, from June, 1862; at Newport News, Va., from August, 1862; in Wessell's Brigade, at Suffolk, Va., from November 1, 1862; in 1st, Hunt's, Brigade, 1st, Wessell's, Division, at New Berne, Department North Carolina, from December, 1862; in 1st Brigade, 4th Division, 18th Corps, from January, 1863; in the Department of the South, from March, 1863; in the District of Albemarle, Department North Carolina, from May, 1863; at Plymouth, N. C., in the 3d Brigade, 1st Division, 18th Corps, from January, 1864; the remainder of regiment at Roanoke Island, District of North Carolina, from April 20, 1864; in Carter's Division, Provisional Corps, from March, 1865; with 23d Corps, from April 2, 1865; and it was honorably discharged and mustered out, commanded by Col. W. W. Clark, June 27, 1865, at New Berne, N. C.
Inventory Number: PRI 050