Identified New York Gettysburg Medal - Housed in its original box with inscription: “Holland J. McCracken Company “H” 122nd Regiment New York Volunteers”. The medal is circular and measures 44mm in diameter, suspended from a bronze bar which reads: "July 1-2-3 1863 Gettysburg Veteran." Behind it is a red, white and blue ribbon. The obverse contains a relief of the New York Monument with the dates 1863-1893. An open laurel surrounds the monument. The reverse contains the Great Seal of the State of New York surrounded by the words "Dedication of State Monuments at Gettysburg July 1, 2, 3 1893 - New York Day". Original box contains inscription. Outside of box has, "MEDAL / OF THE / NEW YORK/ Gettysburg Veterans / 1863-1893. 122nd New York Volunteers were engaged at Antietam, Fredericksburg, Gettysburg, Mine Run Campaign, and actively engaged at Rappahannock Station, Petersburg, Wilderness, and Spotsylvania, and Cold Harbor.
In 1893, on the 30th anniversary of the Battle of Gettysburg, the State of New York decided to support the return of those living veterans of that battle to Gettysburg for the dedication of the New York Monument. Special trains were arranged to take the soldiers from various parts of New York to Gettysburg, and the old soldiers camped on the old battlefield for the 3 days of commemoration, July 1-3, 1893. New York also had Gettysburg Veterans' medals struck, somewhere around 11,000 of them.
Holland J. McCrackern
Residence was not listed; 32 years old.
Enlisted on 8/9/1862 at Camillus, NY as a Private.
On 8/15/1862 he mustered into "H" Co. NY 122nd Infantry He was Mustered Out on 6/23/1865 at Washington, DC
NEW YORK ONE HUNDRED AND TWENTY-SECOND INFANTRY (Three Years)
One Hundred and Twenty-second Infantry-Cols., Silas Titus, Augustus W. Dwight, Horace H. Walpole; Lieut.-Cols., Augustus W. Dwight, Horace H. Walpole, James M. Gere; Majs., Joshua B. Davis, Jabez M. Brower, Alonzo H. Clapp, Morton B. Marke.
This regiment, recruited in the county of Onondaga, rendezvoused at Syracuse and was there mustered into the U. S. service for three years on Aug. 28, 1862. The regiment left the state three days later and was assigned to the 3d brigade, 3d division, 6th corps.
It was under fire for the first time at Antietam, but sustained no losses. In the 1st brigade of Newton's (3d) division, same corps, it was slightly engaged at Fredericksburg, where a few men were wounded. It was engaged on the same field again, in May, 1863, in the battle of Marye's heights, when the divisions of Newton and Howe carried the heights at the point of the bayonet.
At Gettysburg it went into action with Shaler's brigade as a support to the 12th corps and sustained a loss of 44 killed, wounded and missing. It was sharply engaged in November at Rappahannock Station, when the 6th corps successfully stormed the enemy's entrenchments, losing 13 killed and wounded in the battle.
It then engaged in the Mine Run campaign, and during Jan. and Feb., 1864, it was stationed on Johnson's island in Lake Erie, rejoining its corps in March, when Shaler's brigade (1st), was assigned to Wright's (1st) division. It encountered the hardest fighting of its experience at the Wilderness, where it lost 119 killed, wounded and missing.
At Spottsylvania its losses were 24 wounded and missing and at Cold Harbor 67 killed and wounded. After taking part in the early assaults on Petersburg in June, it accompanied the veteran 6th corps to Washington, at the time Early threatened the capital.
In the 3d brigade, 2nd division, it was there active at Fort Stevens, joined in the pursuit of Early into Virginia and up the Shenandoah Valley, fighting at Charlestown, the Opequan Fisher's hill and Cedar creek. Its losses from July 12 to Oct. 20, 1864, aggregated 110 killed and wounded. On Dec. 12, 1864, it was back in the trenches before Petersburg and established its winter quarters near the Weldon railroad.
It was actively engaged at Petersburg with the 6th and 2nd corps, when the Confederates attacked Fort Stedman, losing 16 killed and wounded, and closed its active service with the Appomattox campaign, when it was active at the final assault on Petersburg, April 2, 1865, and at Sailor's creek, where it fought its last battle.
Maj. Jabez M. Brower was among the killed at Cedar creek, and Col. Augustus W. Dwight was killed in the action at Fort Stedman. The regiment commanded by Col. Walpole was mustered out near Washington June 23, 1865. During its term of service it lost by death 6 officers and 86 enlisted men killed and mortally wounded; 3 officers and 85 enlisted men by disease and other causes, a total of 180.
NEW YORKONE HUNDRED AND TWENTY-SECOND REGIMENT OF INFANTRY. Onondagas. (Three Years)
Colonel Silas Titus receive authority, July 22, 1862, to raise this regiment in the county of Onondaga; it was organized at Syracuse, and there mustered in the service of the United States for three years August 28, 1862.
The companies were recruited principally: A at Baldwinsville; B at Syracuse; C at Fayetteville and Farmersville; D at Syracuse, Onondaga, Spafford and Amber; E at Syracuse; F at Marcellus and Syracuse; G at Eldridge; H at Camillus and Syracuse; I at Syracuse, and K at Syracuse, Tully, Skaneateles and Cicero.
The regiment left the State August 31, 1862; it served in the 3d Brigade, 1st Division, 4th Corps, from September 6, 1862; in the 3d Brigade, 3d Division, 6th Corps, from September, 1862; in the 1st Brigade, 3d Division, 6th Corps, from December, 1862; on Johnson's island, Lake Erie, Ohio, from January, 1864; in the 4th Brigade, 1st Division, 6th Corps, from March, 1864; in the 3d Brigade, 2d Division, 6th Corps, from July 6, 1864; and it was honorably discharged and mustered out, commanded by Col. Horace H., Walpole, June 23, 1865, near Washington, D. C.
Inventory Number: GET 184