Brigadier General Richard W. Johnson - Bust shot with backmark, "J.W. Campbell, ARMY Photographer 20th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland".
Johnson, Richard W., brigadier-general, was born near Smithland, Livingston county, Ky., Feb. 7, 1827, and was graduated at West Point in 1849. He was promoted 1st lieutenant of the 2nd cavalry in 1855, was promoted captain in 1856 and served on the Texas frontier until 1861. He was then assigned to the 3rd Ky., cavalry with the rank of lieutenant-colonel; was promoted brigadier-general Oct. 11, and, being assigned a brigade in Gen. Buell's army, engaged at Shiloh, Tennessee, and served also in Alabama, Tennessee and Kentucky. He engaged in the siege of Corinth, commanded a division in the Army of the Ohio in the Tennessee campaign, in July, 1862, was taken prisoner at Gallatin, Aug. 21, 1862, and after his exchange in December was placed in command of the 12th division of the Army of the Cumberland. He was at Stone's river, Chickamauga, Missionary ridge, and in the Atlanta campaign, engaging in all the battles from Chattanooga to New Hope Church, where he was severely wounded, May 28, 1864. He subsequently commanded a division of cavalry at the battle of Nashville, was brevetted brigadier-general in the regular army, March 13, 1865, for gallant and meritorious services, and at the same time major-general U. S. A. for his services in the field during the war, and he remained on the staff of General Thomas as provost-marshal and judge-advocate of the military district of the Tennessee until 1866, when he was mustered out of the volunteer service. He was retired with the rank of major, Oct. 12, 1867, and with the rank of brigadier-general March 3, 1875. General Johnson was military professor in the University of Missouri, 1868-69, and in the University of Minnesota, 1869-70. He was the unsuccessful candidate of the Democratic party for governor of Minnesota in 1881. He died in St. Paul, Minn., April 21, 1897.
The demand for photographs was so great during the Civil War, each division of the Army of the Potomac had its own approved civilian photographer. To keep track, the army kept registers showing approved photographers as well as other merchants.
Inventory Number: CDV 304