Captain Horace Neide - Company A, 2nd Regiment, Pennsylvania Reserve Volunteer Corps, 31st PA Infantry.
Wounded and Captured at the battle of New Market Cross Roads
Brevetted Brigadier General
Neide was a native of the city of Philadelphia when the war broke out, he enlisted and began his service as a Second Lieutenant in Company A, of which he would eventually become Captain. In June of 1862, he was wounded and captured at the battle of New Market Cross Roads.
He was exchanged in August of the same year. In August of 1862 he was commissioned Major, and transferred to the Invalid Corps in June of 1863.
After the war ended, Horace remained in the United States Army until he retired in April of 1893. During his service he was awarded brevets of Colonel and Brigadier General.
Residence Philadelphia PA; 23 years old.
Enlisted on 5/25/1861 as a 2nd Lieutenant.
On 5/25/1861 he was commissioned into "A" Co. PA 31st Infantry
He was discharged for wounds on 11/25/1862
On 6/8/1863 he was commissioned into Veteran Reserve Corps 22nd
He was discharged for promotion on 6/20/1864
On 6/20/1864 he was commissioned into Field & Staff Veteran Reserve Corps 13th
He was Mustered Out on 1/10/1867
(Subsequent service in US Army until 04/04/1893)
He was listed as:
* POW 6/30/1862 Charles City Cross Roads, VA (Exchanged for Milton Smith 2nd NC Battn)
* Wounded 6/30/1862 Charles City Cross Roads, VA
* 1st Lieut 12/12/1861 (1st Lieut & Adjutant)
* Capt 4/2/1862 (As of Co. A)
* Major 8/1/1862
* Capt 6/8/1863 (As of 22nd Vereran Reserve Corps)
* Major 12/4/1863
* Lt Colonel 6/20/1864 (As of 13th Veteran Reserve Corps)
* Colonel 3/13/1865 by Brevet
* Brig-General 3/15/1865 by Brevet
Intra Regimental Company Transfers:
* 12/12/1861 from company A to Field & Staff
* 4/2/1862 from Field & Staff to company A
* 4/2/1862 from company A to Field & Staff
Born 12/21/1837 in Coventry, Chester County, PA
Died 12/3/1915 in Philadelphia, PA
Buried: Edgewood Cemetery, Pottstown, PA
Pennsylvania 31th Infantry (three years)
Thirty-first Infantry. - Cols., William B. Mann William McCandless. Lieut.- Cols., Albert L. Magilton, William McCandless, George A. Woodward, Patrick McDonough; Majs., George A. Woodward, Horace Neide, Patrick McDonough, Richard Ellis. This regiment, recruited mostly in Philadelphia, was the 2nd regiment of the Pa. reserves. On July 24, 1861, it moved to Harrisburg, but left at once for Baltimore and then proceeded to Harper's Ferry. So much delay and misunderstanding occurred that when the regiment was finally mustered in on Aug. 1, a large number of the men had returned home. The remainder were mustered in on Aug 16, at Hyattstown, for three years. Cos. B, F, G and I were disbanded because their numbers did not come up to the requirements, though Capt. McDonough of Co. B afterward raised a new company and joined the regiment. At Tennallytown on Sept. 25, the regiment was assigned to the 1st brigade of the reserve corps, becoming the 2nd regiment of the brigade. At the battle of Mechanicsville the regiment received the brunt of the attack without flinching and was highly praised by the commanding officer. It was active at Gaines, mill and Glendale, but was in reserve at Malvern hill. The reserves were under fire at the second Bull Run and Chantilly, the 2nd subsequently participating in a sharp engagement on the Old Hagerstown road, near Frederick. It fought with the 1st brigade of the reserves at South mountain Antietam and Fredericksburg, after which a short period of rest followed at Washington. In March 1863, a detail of Co. F, which had been on duty with the artillery rejoined the regiment. Inaction during the campaign on their own soil was unendurable to the men, and in response to their urgent appeal the regiment was ordered to Gettysburg, attached to the 1st brigade, 3d division, 5th corps. In the battle the Bucktails, 1st, 2nd and 11th, made a brilliant charge into the enemy's lines, capturing many prisoners and he flag of the 15th Ga. The 2nd was active at Bristoe Station and in the Mine Run campaign.
In the Wilderness movement, Cos. A, D, E and H were detailed on guard duty from May 4 to 11. The regiment participated in the battles of the campaign till June 1, its last battle being fought at Shady Grove Church after the expiration of its term of enlistment, the men having elected to remain with the army until the rest of the division was relieved. At Philadelphia on June 16, 1864, the men were mustered out, the veterans and recruits being transferred to the 191st Pa. Infantry.
Inventory Number: PRVC 003