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  • Civil War Escutcheon for John D. Snyder, Company G, 149th PA Infantry - Bucktails

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    Civil War Escutcheon for John D. Snyder, Company G, 149th PA Infantry - Bucktails - Civil War service record/escutcheon for John D. Snyder.  Snyder served in Company F, 93rd Pennsylvania Infantry, and Company G 149th Pennsylvania Infantry Bucktails.  Snyder was wounded at Spotsylvania causing both his legs to be amputated.  This escutcheon was presented to Snyder by his wife and children in November of 1900 and measures 29" x 23".  It exhibits one rub and some light foxing.  Colors are bright and brilliant.  Housed in beautiful period frame. 

    John D. Snyder

    Residence was not listed; 18 years old.

    Enlisted on 8/26/1862 as a Private.

    On 9/28/1863 he mustered into "G" Co. PA 149th Infantry

    He was discharged for wounds on 7/21/1865

    He was listed as:

    * Wounded 5/10/1864 Spotsylvania Court House, VA (Severely wounded in both legs, amputated)


    One Hundred and Forty-ninth Infantry. - Cols., Roy Stone, John Irvin ; Lieut.-Cols., Walton Dwight, John Irvin, James Glenn ; Majs., George W. Speer, John Irvin, James Glenn, Edwin S.  Osborne.  This regiment (Bucktail) was recruited in the late summer of 1862 from the counties of Potter, Tioga, Lycoming, Clearfield, Clarion, Lebanon, Allegheny, Luzerne, Mifflin and Huntingdon, and was mustered into the U. S. service at the general camp of rendezvous in the month of August for a three years' term.  Such had been the efficient service rendered during the first year of the war by the original Bucktails, the 42nd of the line, a strong demand arose for a Bucktail brigade from the state.  Maj. Stone of the 42nd accordingly authorized by the secretary of war in July, 1862, to proceed to the state and raise such a brigade.  Within 20 days twenty companies were organized, which formed the 149th and 150th regiments, and there was a good prospect of raising a third and even a fourth regiment, when the Confederate army suddenly invaded Maryland and the two regiments already organized were immediately ordered to Washington.  The men of the 149th were of fine physique, accustomed to the rifle, and wore the bucktail as did the original regiment of that name.  It remained on duty in the vicinity of Washington until the middle of Feb., 1863, when it joined the Army of the Potomac at Belle Plain, Va., and was there assigned to Stone's (2nd) brigade, Doubleday's (3d) division, Reynolds' (1st) corps.  It was in position on the right of the line at Chancellorsville, but was only lightly engaged and suffered no loss.  It arrived on the field of Gettysburg at 11 o'clock a. m. on the first day of the battle and at once went into position on the ridge in front of the seminary, near the Chambersburg pike.  It maintained its position with great heroism throughout the first day until the whole line retreated through the town.  Its heaviest losses were sustained in the fierce fighting of this day, though it was fearfully exposed during the great artillery duel of the third day.  It lost 53 killed, 172 wounded and 111 captured or missing, a total of 336.   Among the severely wounded were Col. Stone, commanding the brigade, and Lieut.-Col. Dwight, the regiment.  It moved with the army in pursuit of Lee and did not bear an important part in the minor engagements of the fall campaigns.  While in winter quarters near Culpeper, it received a large number of recruits mostly conscripts.  On May 4, 1864, it moved on the Wilderness campaign and fought at the battles of the Wilderness, Laurel hill, the North Anna, Totopotomy, Cold Harbor and the first assaults on Petersburg.  Its losses were enormous from the beginning of the campaign up to the end of July, mounting to 34 killed, 249 wounded and I2I missing, a total of 404.

    It was active in the work of the siege until the middle of August, when it was engaged with its corps on the Weldon railroad, suffering some loss.  Three weeks were then spent in fortifying, when it was relieved and held in reserve until Oct.1. It was present, but not active in the engagement at Peebles' farm; fought at Hatcher's run in October; shared in the raid on the Weldon railroad in December; and fought its last engagement at Dabney's mill in Feb., 1865, after which it was ordered north and was engaged in guarding the prison camp at Elmira, N.Y., until the close of its term of service.  It was mustered out at Elmira on June 24, 1865, and proceeded to Harrisburg, Pa., where the men were paid and finally discharged.

    Chancellorsville, VA after battle report:

    No. 57.  Report of Lieut. Col. Walton Dwight, One hundred and forty-ninth Pennsylvania Infantry.

    NEAR WHITE OAK CHURCH, VA., May 9, 1863.

    SIR: Relative to the part our regiment has taken in the general movements of the past eleven days, I have the honor to submit the following report:

    On the 28th ultimo we were ordered to move from our camp near Belle Plain; broke up camp at 12 m.; halted first night near the Rappahannock, below Pollock's Mill, nothing of interest occurring during our march to that point.

    On the morning of the 29th ultimo, we were again moving, and took a sheltered position near the bank of the river, where our regiment remained without taking any active part in the operations going on in our front. While lying there, we were spectators of a very pretty artillery duel between our batteries, posted on a hill in our rear, and the enemy's, on the heights on the opposite side of the river. It being the first fire our regiment was ever under, it would not, perhaps, be amiss for me to remark that the desire to get a better sight was so great on the part of our boys that I had much to do in keeping them under shelter while the shells were whizzing by us.

    On the morning of the 2d instant, we again received marching orders.  We moved during the next sixteen hours from Pollock's Mill to a point near Chancellorsville, distant some 20 miles, where we took position in front and near the right of our main army, operating against the enemy at this point. We immediately proceeded to erect rifle-pits, abatis, &c., and made our position a very strong one. This was all accomplished by 9 a. m. of the 3d instant. A small party of picket men I sent our in the meantime had found the enemy about three-quarters of a mile distant from our line of works. During the day our regiment captured 86 prisoners in front of our picket line. Nothing of interest occurred during that night. False alarms, caused by unnecessary firing by the pickets on the left of our brigade, kept us constantly on the lookout. We were  always ready for an attack.

    The 4th was a dull day; no fighting or capturing of prisoners. All was quiet until toward night, when we were ordered to fall in for a reconnaissance in force. Every man was eager for whatever the next few hours had in store; we moved our cheerily. It is unnecessary for me to speak of the part we took in that affair. However, it would be well to here remark that the 4 prisoners taken on that occasion were captured by two of our companies acting as skirmishers, under Capt.'s McCullough and Osborne, making the total number captured by our regiment while across the river 90. I do not know how many guns or equipment’s were captured, as some were captured without arms.

    The 5th instant was a quiet day, nothing of interest occurring.

    On the morning of the 6th instant, we were again moving; recrossed the river, and marched back to our old camp near Belle Plain, where we arrived on the morning of the 7th instant.

    On the morning of the 8th, marched to our present camp.

    In conclusion, I can only remark that the cheerfulness, perseverance, and general good qualities constantly displayed by our men under all the various circumstances by which we have been surrounded in the past ten days are of that high character that always secures the admiration and esteem of those with whom they may be immediately connected. I cannot speak in terms of praise of any particular individual over another when all performed so well all the duties assigned them; however, I must call your attention to Capt. Bassler, Company C, and First Lieut. Fish, of Company A. The service they rendered the command in ascertaining the true position of the enemy was of too high an order to pass by unmentioned.

    Very respectfully submitted.

    WALTON DWIGHT, Lieut.-Col., Cmdg. One hundred and forty-ninth Pa. Vols.

    Col. ROY STONE, Cmdg. Second Brig., Third Div., First Army Corps.

    Gettysburg after battle report:

    Report of Lieut. Col. Walton Dwight, One hundred and forty-ninth Pennsylvania Infantry.

    Hdqrs. 149th Regt. Pennsylvania Volunteers, September 12, 1863.

    Col.: Relative to the part enacted by the One hundred and forty-ninth Regt. Pennsylvania Volunteers at the late battle of Gettysburg, I have the honor to submit the following report of the first day:

    Wednesday, July 1, as we were moving on Gettysburg from the Emmitsburg direction, and within 1 1/2 miles of the town, an order came back to quicken pace to a double-quick, which was immediately done, when we also broke to the left of the town, passing in rear of the First and Second Divisions of the corps, which were then in position and engaging the enemy about 1 1/2 miles in front of Gettysburg, in the Chambersburg direction, line of battle of the First Corps being at right angles with the Chambersburg pike and to the left.  My regiment was ordered into position on the right flank of the corps line of battle, and at right angles with same, being in parallel line with Chambersburg pike; the One hundred and fiftieth Regt. on my left and at right angles with me; the One hundred and forty-third Pennsylvania Volunteers on my right and in parallel line.

    During all this time we were subjected to a heavy artillery fire from both front and right flank, the one proceeding from A. P. Hill's (rebel) line, 1 mile distant on the Chambersburg pike, the other from Ewell's (rebel) line to our right, and about three-quarters of a mile distant.  We suffered severely from the latter.  Previous to my getting into position on the pike, Col. Roy Stone, commanding the brigade, ordered me to throw out companies as skirmishers--one to deploy in front of the One hundred and fiftieth Regt., and proper front of the corps, the other on the right flank and in my front.  I ordered Capt. Johnson, Company K, to the front of the One hundred and fiftieth Regt. The order was promptly executed, the men moving out on double-quick, and immediately engaging the enemy on the skirmish line, a short distance in advance of the One hundred and fiftieth Regt.'s line of battle.  They were soon compelled to retire to the line of the One hundred and fiftieth Regt., where they remained during the balance of the engagement. The skirmishing of Johnson was lively.  Loss, severe; conduct, excellent.

    In the meantime, I had ordered Capt. McCullough, of Company E, to my front 100 paces, to rail fence, where he engaged the enemy's advance, which was then moving on us from the right.  This order was also promptly obeyed, and reflects much credit on Capt. McCullough and his command for the gallant manner it was executed.

    During this time, and after getting in position on the pike, in accordance with orders from Col. Stone, I directed my regiment to fire over the heads of my skirmishers at the enemy, about one-third of a mile distant on the brow of a hill, who were then massing in large force preparatory to a general advance on our right and on the Eleventh Corps, which was stationed across the roads to our right and rear.  At this time the One hundred and fiftieth Regt. was hotly engaged with a brigade of the enemy from A. P. Hill's corps, the One hundred and forty-third Regt. not yet engaged, but lying down in line of battle to my right.

    In the meantime, the enemy, who had been massing on our right, made a furious advance on the Eleventh Corps in large force, and at the same time moved on my front with one brigade of three regiments, whereupon Col. Stone ordered me to move my regiment forward and take possession of the railroad cut, about 50 paces to my front; also to plant my colors 20 paces on the left flank of the regiment; all of which was accomplished in good order and while the enemy were moving over the low ground between the two positions; consequently our change of position was unknown to the enemy.

    My skirmishers were gradually driven in, when I ordered them to take position on the right of the regiment, my men being deployed in single line in the cut, their arms resting on the bank, with orders to take deliberate aim at the knees of the front rank of the enemy as he came up.  My position was undiscovered by the enemy until he reached a rail fence, 22 paces in my front, when he saw my colors flying, and immediately ordered the first battalion of his brigade to fire,  my regiment not suffering therefrom, as it was directed at the colors.

    I now ordered my regiment to fire by battalion.  Its effect on the enemy was terrible, he being at the time brigade en masse, at 9-pace interval.  He now broke to the rear in great confusion.  In the meantime, I had ordered my regiment to load, when the enemy advanced the second time, and made a most desperate effort to carry my position by assault, in which we handsomely repulsed him by reserving our fire until we could almost reach him with the muzzles of our pieces.  Again he fell back.  This fight was of the most desperate character, we losing heavily, the enemy's dead and wounded completely covering the ground in our front.

    At this stage of the contest, and during the heat of the fight in our front, the enemy had planted three or four pieces of artillery in an orchard on our left, about half a mile distant, commanding the cut I occupied, and had also, under cover of the hill we were fighting over, succeeded in moving up on my left flank part of a brigade, all of which was discovered in time to save my regiment by moving it rapidly back to my first position on the pike, but, I regret to inform you, not in time to save our colors, which were still where I first planted them, 20 paces on the left flank of the regiment, the color-guard all being killed or wounded while defending them.  To have saved my colors would have been to advance between two forces of the enemy, both my superiors in numbers; also to have put my command under an enfilade battery fire.  It would have been certain surrender or destruction.  I saved the regiment and lost the colors.

    The One hundred and forty-third Pennsylvania Volunteers during all this time had remained in their original position on the pike, but now poured in on the enemy, who were advancing on their front, a vigorous fire, the One hundred and fiftieth still holding stubbornly its first line, although fighting desperate odds.  Col. Stone, commanding brigade, was wounded and carried from the field immediately after ordering me forward to the railroad cut.  However, the first disposition of the brigade was not changed during the entire day, although we were actually fighting three of the enemy's brigades with our three regiments--a sufficient comment upon the excellent  disposition of the command by Col. Stone in the beginning of the engagement.

    Col. Langhorne Wister, of the One hundred and fiftieth Regt., now commanded the brigade.  The enemy in the meantime broke over the hill, partially to our front and flank, in large force, whereupon they received such a reception at the hands of the right wing of the One hundred and fiftieth and my regiment that they soon retired with heavy loss.  The enemy had also, under face of a heavy fire from the One hundred and forty-third, succeeded in occupying the railroad cut I had just vacated, and were giving us much trouble. Whereupon Col. Wister ordered me to charge them out, which our boys and the right wing of the One hundred and fiftieth did in gallant style, completely clearing them out.  We again occupied our original position, but were fearfully decimated in both officers and men, not having at this time one-half the number we went into the engagement with.  The One hundred and fiftieth were as badly off as ourselves, all its field officers being compelled to leave the field from severe wounds, although they had up to this time gallantly remained, cheering their men on to noble deeds by their actions, although wounded.

    Early in the engagement my acting major was also compelled to leave the field on account of wounds received in the head.  Having no other field officers, and myself suffering severely from a wound through the thigh, received at the railroad cut early in the action, the enemy slowly closing up on our rear in large force, also working in rapidly on our flanks, owing to the withdrawal of the First and Second Divisions and the breaking way of the Eleventh Corps on our right flank, we had no other resort left but to retire in the direction of the town, which we did slowly, contesting the ground inch by inch back to the Gettysburg Seminary, where we made a most desperate stand with the fragments of the brigade, and succeeded in holding the ground against vastly superior numbers until one of our batteries stationed here could limber to the rear, when the brigade was taken from the field by Col. Dana, who did most gallant work on the retreat from McPherson's barn to the seminary, he protecting the flank resting on the railroad cut against great odds by the hardest fighting.

    I was compelled, from exhaustion and loss of blood, to drop down at this latter point.

    I would here mention Capt. Glenn, of my regiment, commanding provost guard, Third Division, as having conducted his command very gallantly, he after the first day commanding the regiment until the return of Capt. Irvin, acting major, wounded in the head the first day.

    The regiment, although under fire the remaining three days' fight, lost but slightly.  Their actions--everywhere commendable, knowing, as every man did from the beginning of the engagement, that we were fighting vastly superior numbers, with no reserve, the contest being hand to hand, and in the face of all this every man obeying every order cheerfully, and in every instance every man performing his whole duty--certainly must challenge the admiration of all.  Where all did so well it is impossible for me to discriminate in favor of any single individual.  However, of the line officers, I would particularly speak of Capt. A. J. Sofield, Company A, who fell while gallantly leading his command on the railroad cut in the second charge.  As a gentleman and man possessed of true courage and coolness he had no superior.  We deeply regret his loss.  I would also mention Capt. Brice H. Blair, of Company I, as having particularly distinguished himself for bravery and coolness, he gallantly keeping the field after losing an arm, until loss of blood compelled him to retire.  Also Capt. John H. Bassler, of Company C, severely wounded early in the fight.  His coolness and bravery are unquestionable.

    I would also mention in the same category Capt.'s Soult and Jones, of Companies H and G.  Their conduct was splendid; both severely wounded.  Capt. Johnson, of Company K, captured by the enemy at the Gettysburg Seminary, is worthy of particular mention, he having distinguished himself throughout the entire day.

    I would also in this connection bear evidence of the excellent conduct of Col. Stone's staff, I having been particularly aided, after losing nearly all of my own officers, by Lieut.'s Dalgliesh and Walters, the latter more especially under my attention and at my assistance, and for gallantry not excelled by any man in the command.

    Please find below a list of killed, wounded, and missing;* and here  allow me to remark that the missing are nearly all wounded and prisoners, we being compelled to leave all our severely wounded behind.  Having no official notification of their whereabouts, I have to report them missing.

    We entered the engagement with about 450 men, and came out with about 100, leaving our casualties about 350, or a loss of a little over three out of four.

    I am, colonel, very respectfully, your most obedient servant,

    WALTON DWIGHT,  Lieut.-Col., Comdg. 149th Pennsylvania Volunteers.

    Col. Langhorne Wister,  Comdg. Second Brig., Third Div., First Army Corps.

    Report of Capt. John Irvin, One hundred and forty-ninth Pennsylvania Infantry.

    Hdqrs. 149th Regt. Pennsylvania Vols.,  July 17, 1863.

    Sir: I have the honor to submit the following report of the part  taken by the One hundred and forty-ninth Regt. Pennsylvania Volunteers in the late engagement near Gettysburg, Pa.:

    On the morning of July 1, our regiment, under command of Lieut.-Col.  Dwight, forming a part of the Second Brigade (commanded by Col. Roy Stone), Third Division, First Army Corps, marched from a point about 4 miles north of Emmitsburg, Md.

    When we arrived within about 2 miles of Gettysburg, Pa., we heard the fire of artillery in the direction of the town, when we received orders to double-quick and come up under the fire of the enemy's guns.  We formed into line, marched forward in a direction northwest of the town, and, arriving at a barn nearby, we received orders from Col. Stone to lie down and shelter ourselves from the fire of the enemy.

    We remained in this position for a period of fifteen or twenty minutes, when our regiment was ordered to take a position on a road leading from the town, crossing our line at right angles, we are occupying the right of the brigade.  After we had been there some time, the One hundred and forty-third Regt. Pennsylvania Volunteers, commanded by Col. Dana, took their position on our right, which left us in the center, the One hundred and fiftieth Regt.  Pennsylvania Volunteers being on our left.  These dispositions were made under a very heavy fire from the enemy's batteries on our front and left flank.  We remained in this position until a line of the enemy's infantry made its appearance on our front.  Company E was then ordered out as skirmishers, Company K having been ordered out as skirmishers before we had changed our front to the road, which now placed them upon our left.  When the enemy came up to the proper distance, we received orders to fire, which was done very briskly and with good effect, breaking the first line of the enemy.  We were then ordered forward by Col. Stone, and advanced in line to a deep railroad cut, which ran parallel with our line and about 100 yards in front.  Our regiment went into this and lay along the opposite side, pouring in a sharp fire over the top of the bank.  After remaining here a few minutes, a second line of the enemy came up, and we were compelled to fall back to our former position on the road, where we remained firing on the advancing line.  They were finally repulsed, falling back in disorder. Col. Stone received a severe wound while making the charge, and was carried off the field.

    Col. Wister, now commanding the brigade, ordered us forward on a second charge.  When near the railroad cut, a third line of the enemy made its appearance, compelling us to fall back again to the road.  During this time we were receiving a galling fire on our left, which prevented the left wing of the regiment from making a stand on the road, which changed front, faced to the left, where the One hundred and fiftieth Regt. was then engaged.

    I received a slight wound in the head at this time, and went to the hospital to have it dressed; was there but a short time when I was taken prisoner; consequently cannot give you a report of the part this regiment subsequently took.

    Col. Wister was wounded early in the engagement, and Col. Dana assumed command of the brigade.  Lieut.-Col. Dwight, commanding the regiment, was wounded in the leg about the time I left the field.

    The brigade fell back to a position on Cemetery Hill, where the command of the regiment devolved upon Capt. Glenn.  He commanded from the evening of the 1st to the morning of the 6th instant, when I reported to the regiment for duty, and have commanded since.

    We marched from near Gettysburg, leaving there the morning of the 6th instant, to near Funkstown, Md., where we encountered the enemy.  We were placed in the front line, and built a rifle-pit under a sharp fire from the enemy's skirmishers.  This was Sunday, the 10th instant.  The regiment suffered none at this place.

    In the engagement of the 1st instant, both officers and men behaved with great gallantry, not leaving the field until they were completely overwhelmed by the enemy's advancing columns, when they received orders to fall back.  I believe our brigade was the last to leave the field.

    The following are the casualties of the regiment:

    Officers and men.                       K.    W.   M.   T.

    Officers.....................................  1   12    4   17

    Enlisted men............................. 33  159  127  319

    Total.......................................    34  171  131  336

    K=Killed. W=Wounded. M=Missing. T=Total.

    The regiment went into action with about 450.

     I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

    JOHN IRVIN,  Capt., Comdg. 149th Regt. Pennsylvania Vols.

    Lieut. William M. Dalgliesh,  Acting Assistant Adjutant-Gen.

    Report of Lieut. Col. John Irvin, One hundred and forty-ninth Pennsylvania Infantry, of operations August 18-21.


    I have the honor to submit the following report of the part taken by the One hundred and forth-ninth Regt. Pennsylvania Volunteers since the 18th instant, viz:

    On the morning of the 18th instant we left our camp near Forth Warren, and marched south on the plank road for the distance of nearly three miles, and then changed our course to the west. When within a mile of the Weldon railroad, we formed line of battle, my regiment taking position on the right of the first line of the brigade, and moved forward ward, deriving the enemy's pickets in and taking possession of the road, and at once commenced tearing it up, occupying us until near night, when we went into position in front of the railroad, threw up entrenchments, and remained for the night. On the 19th instant we were moved up in support of the Second Division, and lay in position during the night. On the 20th instant we were ordered back to the position we occupied the day previous. At about 9 a. m. of the 21st instant the enemy attacked us in front, but were soon repulsed, punishing them severely. In the evening, we were moved to the left, and put in the position we now occupy.

    The casualties were 2 killed, 5 wounded, and 21 enlisted men missing.  I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your most obedient servant,

    JOHN IRVIN, Lieut.-Col., commanding.

    Capt. JOHN E. PARSONS, Asst. Adjt. Gen., First Brig., First Div., Fifth Army Corps.

    Inventory Number: DOC 121