Pattern 1853 Enfield - Inventory Number: RIF 083
Potts & Hunt – London
This is a London-made Enfield Pattern 1853 3 band musket imported by either the North or run through the blockade to the South during the Civil War. Over 900,000 Enfields were brought over from England during the Civil War and saw extensive use with both sides.
The lockplate is marked "Potts & Hunt / London" with typical London proofmarkings on the left side of the barrel. There were two principal areas of manufacture of the Enfield during the Civil War...one was Birmingham which has its own set of proofs and usually has a lockplate marked "TOWER"...the other was London whose arms bear the individual maker's name on the lockplate and London proofs. There were a number of makers in London and over the years, and while we've had many London-made Enfields marked LA Co, Bond, Barnett, Greener, Parker Field & Son, Potts & Hunt, etc.
There is a cartouche consisting of the initials: “W.W.” without a border. Additionally, the solider carved his initials “D.F.” onto the flat opposite the lock. There is a stamped “D” on the underside of the stock, beneath the triggerguard tang, in the style and font of those arms Captured and Collected off the field and sent to southern arsenals.
Overall, this is a pretty good-looking Civil War vintage Enfield with nice wood with a brown patina on the metal with good visible markings. No chips or cracks to the wood. Standard brass furniture including buttplate, triggerguard, and nose cap that has aged to a patina. Rear sight is present and still shows trace of smooth bluing finish. Original ramrod and sling swivels intact. Lock works nicely at both full and half cock positions. Nice markings throughout. Front sight is intact. Very Good wood overall.... showing mostly light handling marks and is very solid with no alterations. True to its Civil War usage, there is some mild stippling from percussion caps around the bolster. Very good screws. A good representative of a Civil War Enfield 3 band P53 Rifle manufactured by a seldom seen London Maker. Complete with its original nipple protector and chain, which have been on the gun since the service.
Inventory Number: RIF 083