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  • 1/9th Plate Tintype of Theodore Bartholf, 22nd New York Cavalry / ON-HOLD

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    1/9th Plate Tintype of Theodore Bartholf, 22nd New York Cavalry - Inventory Number: HAR 187 / ON-HOLD

    1/9th plate tintype portrait of Theodore Bartholf, who enlisted at age 18 in the 22nd New York Cavalry on February 22, 1865 and mustered out in August 1865. Bartholf is seated for the camera in a four-button fatigue blouse, forage cap, and striped cravat. The back of the plate retains two 5-cent revenue stamps. The tintype is framed in a copper mat and housed is a full, black thermoplastic case with an old paper note with his name written in ink. A crystal-clear soldier’s image with nice contrast.

    Theodore Bartholf

    Residence was not listed; 18 years old.

    Enlisted on 2/22/1865 at Chemung, NY as a Private.

    On 2/22/1865 he mustered into "B" Co. NY 22nd Cavalry

    He was Mustered Out on 8/1/1865 at Winchester, VA


    Twenty-second Cavalry.-Cols., Samuel J. Crooks, George C. Cram, Horatio B. Reed; Lieut.-Cols., Johnson B. Brown, Horatio B. Reed, Peter McLennan; Majs., Peter McLennan, Benjamin Bennett, Charles C.  Brown, Theodore Schlick, George R. French.

    The 22nd, known as the Rochester Cavalry, was organized at Rochester and there mustered into the U. S. service between Dec. 20, 1863, and Feb. 23, 1864, for three years.  The companies of which it was composed were recruited in the counties of Monroe, Erie, Chautauqua, Livingston, Steuben, Onondaga, Orleans, Wayne, Chenango, Delaware and Otsego.

    Under command of Col. Reed it was honorably discharged and mustered out at Winchester, Va., Aug. 1, 1865.  The regiment left the state in March, 1864, and, considering the short time in the field, saw much hard fighting and sustained heavy losses.

    Its first service was with the 9th corps, after which it joined the 2nd brigade, 3d cavalry division, Army of the Potomac, for the Wilderness campaign.  After Oct., 1864, it served with the Army of the Shenandoah in the campaigns in that valley, and from Feb., 1865, with the cavalry division, Army of West Virginia.

    It lost heavily at Spottsylvania, Cold Harbor, on Wilson's raid to the South Side and Danville railroads, and at the battle of Nineveh.  It fought its final engagements at Fort Holly, New Market and Rude's hill, Va.  Its casualties included 3 officers and 22 men killed or died of wounds; 1 officer and 178 men died of disease, accidents and all other causes; total, 204.

    Of this number, 87 men died in prison.  The regiment especially distinguished itself at Kearneysville, Dinwiddie Court House and White Oak swamp.  Capt. Christopher Bruton, Corp. Henry Harvey and Pvt. George Ladd, who captured battleflags at Waynesboro, were awarded medals of honor by the secretary of war for distinguished gallantry on the field.

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    Inventory Number: HAR 187