Company A, 55th Ohio Volunteer Partial Ladder Badge and Pocket Bible. - Nickel silver ladder badge was worn by a member of Company A, 55th Ohio Volunteer Infantry. Badge consists of three bars. The reverse of the badge retains the pin. The center of the top most bar is stamped “CO. A” Suspended by one chain link at each end is another similar bar that bears the number “55" Ohio.” The third bar is also suspended like the one above it but is stamped “VOL. INF.” Accompanied by "Gospel of St. John" pocket bible with pencil inscription on fly page of a soldier in Company A, 55th Ohio.
OHIO FIFTY-FIFTH INFANTRY (Three Years)
Fifty-fifth Infantry. - Cols., John C. Lee, Charles B. Gambee; Lieut.-Cols., George H. Safford, James M. Stevens, Edwin H. Powers; Majs. Daniel F. De Wolf, Rodolphus Robbins, Charles Wickham. This regiment was organized at Norwalk, from Sept. to Dec., 1861, to serve for three years. In Jan., 1862, it left for Grafton, W. Va., and after a short stay there moved to New creek. In the battle of McDowell it constituted the reserve and served as support to a battery, which could not be brought into action owing to the nature of the ground. It was present at the battle of Cross Keys, but was not engaged. It was under severe artillery fire at the second Bull Run, but was not engaged with the enemy's battle-line. It spent the following winter at Brooks' station, employing the time in inspections, drills and picket duty. In the engagement at Chancellorsville the regiment lost 153 men killed, wounded and missing. It marched into Pennsylvania with the army and was present at the battle of Gettysburg, losing about 50 men. The regiment was then sent to Tennessee and in the battle of Missionary ridge formed a part of the corps that drove the Confederate skirmish line beyond the East Tennessee railroad. In Jan., 1864, 319 men of the regiment re-enlisted and were furloughed home, but they were present at the opening of the Atlanta campaign, participating in all the battles in which the 20th corps was engaged. At the battle of Resaca it suffered severely, losing upward of 90 men. It was also engaged at Cassville and Kennesaw mountain, and in the siege of Atlanta the regiment occupied its place in the lines, sometimes on the right and sometimes on the left, assisting in the gradual but sure advancement of the parallels toward the city. It left Lookout valley with about 400 men and during the campaign lost over 200. The regiment joined in the march to the sea and up through the Carolinas, losing at Averasboro 36 men and at Bentonville 33. It was mustered out on July 11, 1865.
Inventory Number: CCB 004