Identified Civil War Crutches and Photograph - Inventory Number: IDE 090 / On-hold
Confederate - Longstreet's Corp's - 1862
Original cabinet card photograph of an amputee with an ink inscription on the reverse with "Private Co. K Burt Rifles - 18th Miss. Regt. - Barkdales Brigade - Longstreets Corps - A.N. Va." Wooden crutches manufactured and marked by: "J. Whittemore of So. Reading Mass. Patented Oct. 21 1862." The markings are on both wooden bodies of the crutches as well as the collar devices. These can be seen in the original photograph of the soldier.
Eighteenth Mississippi Infantry:
Report of Col. E. R. Burt, Eighteenth Mississippi Infantry.
McLEAN'S FORD, July 22, 1861.
DEAR SIR: I have the honor to report that my command, Eighteenth Regiment Mississippi Volunteers, with Col. Jenkins' South Carolina regiment, Col. Featherston's Seventh Regiment Mississippi Volunteers, under command of Brig. Gen. D. R. Jones, proceeded at about 2.30 o'clock on the evening of the 21st to take the battery of the enemy posted near Grigsby's barn, on the north side of Bull Run.
When within about three hundred yards of the guns of the enemy I endeavored to form my command near the edge of a ravine on the left of the command of Col. Jenkins. Before, however, the regiment could be formed, which from the nature of the ground was difficult to do, the enemy delivered a murderous fire on if. At this period the command came from the right to charge the enemy. By whom it was given I know not. The charge was made, however, without any knowledge of the ground over which the regiment was to pass, and continued in the face of a terrific fire of canister, shell, and shot from the battery on the enemy and the fire of a portion of my own command through those in advance of them until an impassable ravine was reached (where the line was originally attempted to be formed, but not effected), when the confusion under the galling fire of the enemy's guns became very great, so much so that to form the line was utterly impracticable, and it was not done until the field of Mr. Speak's was reached. The fire of the enemy was returned and kept up by the regiment for some moments without seeing where the battery of the enemy was placed. The infantry of the enemy field after the first fire from our arms.
Although but a short time engaged, our loss was severe. Among the killed was Capt. Adam McWillie, of the Camden Rifles, a gallant soldier of the Mexican war, having fought bravely at Monterey and Buena Vista, he was killed by a canister shot while endeavoring to rally his command. First Lieut. Seary, of Capt. Brown's command, was killed on the field whilst making the charge. Second Lieut. York, of Capt. Wellborn's command, was badly wounded near the same time. Third Lieut. McLauren, of Campaign Fontaine's command, was seriously wounded by the explosion of a shell. Number of killed and wounded, thirty-eight.
E. R. BURT,
Col. Eighteenth Regiment Mississippi Volunteers.
Acting Assistant Adjutant-Gen. LATHAM.
Inventory Number: IDE 090 / On-hold