Civil War Military Commission in which Andrew Gregg Curtin appoints Henry M. McIntyre as Lieutenant Colonel of the First Regiment of the Pennsylvania Reserve Volunteer Corps, the ninth day of June 1861. With original envelope. Company K of the 1st Regiment PA Reserves was an Adams County Regiment. Upper left of the document is signed by Governor Andrew Curtain and the lower right is signed by Secretary of State Eli Slifer.
Henry M. McIntyre enlisted on 6/4/1861 as a Captain.
On 6/4/1861 he was commissioned into "A" Co. PA 30th Infantry
Promoted to Lt Colonel on 6/4/1861
He was discharged for wounds on 1/7/1863
He was listed as:
* POW (date and place not stated) (Exchanged for Lt Col A. S. Hamilton; MS)
* Wounded 6/30/1862 Charles City Cross Roads, VA (Severely wounded in left leg, amputated)
* Lt Colonel 6/4/1861
Intra Regimental Company Transfers:
* 6/4/1861 from company A to Field & Staff
Pennsylvania 30th Infantry (3 years)
Thirtieth Infantry.-Cols., R. Biddle Roberts, W. Cooper Talley; Lieut.- Cols., H. M. McIntyre, W. Warren Stewart, Majs., Lemuel Todd, Tobias Kaufman. The 30th was the first regiment of the reserve corps and was organized at West Chester from June 1 to July 20, 1861. It was ordered to Harrisburg, then to Baltimore, where it arrived on July 22, and went into camp on Carroll hill. It was mustered into the U. S. service for a three years, term on the 26th. The total number of members was 1,084, of whom 139 were killed in action, 233 were wounded and 148 reenlisted. At Tennallytown, Md., the reserve corps was organized in three brigades and the 30th became the 1st regiment of the 1st brigade. After many hard marches and some skirmishing during the first winter, the regiment participated in the battle of Mechanicsville in June, 1862 showing great courage and coolness. It was also at the battle of Glendale; was in reserve at Malvern hill; active at South mountain and Antietam; and at the battle of Fredericksburg it formed part of the 1st corps of the left division under Gen. Reynolds. In Feb., 1863, the regiment was assigned to the 5th corps under Gen. Meade, and at Gettysburg under Gen. Crawford. In Co. K were many Gettysburg men, some even fighting on their own fields and within sight of their homes. After the action at Bristoe Station and the Mine Run campaign, the 30th went into winter quarters at Bristoe Station in Jan., 1864, and remained there until the beginning of the Wilderness campaign. It participated in the actions of the Army of the Potomac until June 1, 1864 when it returned to Philadelphia, where it was mustered out on the 13th, the veterans and recruits being transferred to the 190th Pa infantry.
Andrew Gregg Curtin was sitting with Abraham Lincoln at the platform when Abraham Lincoln presented the Gettysburg Address on November 19th, 1863. Also, Minister to Russia as appointed by Ulysses S. Grant! Andrew Gregg Curtin ( April 22 , 1817 - October 7 , 1894 ) was a U.S. lawyer and politician who served as Governor of Pennsylvania during the American Civil War .
Curtin was born in Bellefonte, Pennsylvania . He attended Dickinson College and the Dickinson School of Law and was employed as a lawyer. His first public office was as Secretary of the Commonwealth. In 1855 , Governor James Pollock appointed him as Superintendent of Public Schools. He switched political allegiance from the Whigs to the new Republican political party in 1860 , with his successful run for governor. He served in that office from 1861 until 1867 .
During the Civil War, Curtin organized the Pennsylvania reserves into combat units, and oversaw the construction of the first Union military camp for training militia . It opened as Camp Curtin on April 18 , 1861 . In the years that followed, Curtin became a close friend and confidant of Abraham Lincoln , visiting the White House several times in order to converse about the status of the war effort.
Curtin was very active during the Gettysburg Campaign , working with Major General Darius N. Couch and Major Granville O. Haller to delay Robert E. Lee 's Army of Northern Virginia and prevent it from crossing the Susquehanna River . Major General George G. Meade , a Pennsylvania officer whom Curtin had recommended for brigadier general and command of one of the Pennsylvania reserve brigades in 1861, defeated Lee in the Battle of Gettysburg .
After the Battle of Gettysburg, Governor Curtin was the principal force behind the establishment of the National Cemetery. Through his agent, David Wills, Curtin procured the attendance of President Abraham Lincoln at the dedication of the cemetery. Governor Curtin was sitting with Lincoln on the platform on November 19, 1863 when Lincoln delivered his Gettysburg Address .
In his first term, Governor Curtin suffered a severe breakdown from the stresses of war. Secretary of State Eli Slifer handled governmental affairs during the increasingly frequent periods when Curtin was incapacitated. President Lincoln offered the governor a diplomatic position abroad, but he chose to run for reelection in 1863.
To coordinate Union war efforts, Curtin convened the Loyal War Governors' Conference on September 24 and September 25 , 1862 , in Altoona . This event was one of his most significant contributions to the Union war effort. He formed the Pennsylvania State Agency in Washington, and another branch in Nashville, Tennessee , to provide support for wounded soldiers on the battlefield and returned home. He also founded the state-funded Orphan's School to aid and educate children of military men who had died for the Union cause.
Soon after ending his second term, Curtin switched to the Democratic political party , and was appointed Minister to Russia by President Ulysses S. Grant . He later served as a Democratic Congressman from 1881 until 1887 in the United States House of Representatives . He died at his birthplace of Bellefonte, Pennsylvania, and is buried t in Union Cemetery. Four identical statues of Andrew Gregg Curtinâe"one in Bellefonte, one on the Pennsylvania State Monument at Gettysburg, one in the rotunda of the State Capitol Building, and one at the site of Camp Curtinâe"honor his service and life.
Curtin's family was prominent in Pennsylvania politics and in the Civil War. He was the grandson of Andrew Gregg , also a prominent Pennsylvania politician.
Inventory Number: DOC 137