Original Painting of the Home of Confederate General Stonewall Jackson - PAI 023
Painting features the house and outbuildings that were used as a hospital for General Stonewall Jackson who died there May 10, 1863. located near Guinea's Station, Virginia. "HOUSE IN WHICH STONEWALL JACKSON DIED VA." is painted in white in the lower right corner of the painting.
This building where General Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson died has been preserved and is maintained by the National park Service. After Jackson was wounded by friendly fire at Chancellorsville in 1863, he was taken to Guinea Station to recuperate. The intention was to transport him to Richmond as soon as the rail lines were secured. At Guinea Station, Jackson was welcomed at Fairfield Plantation, where hid staff requested that he be allowed to stay in the modest building seen here, an office from the main house.
Although his badly wounded arm had been amputated, Jackson could have survived except that pneumonia set in and doctors had few effective treatments for it. Jackson's wife Anna was able to get to the house and was with him when he died on May 10, 1863.
The building where Jackson died quickly became a hallowed place. Among its visitors during the Civil War was Union General U. S. Grant, who passed through during his 1864 campaign and spoke with Mrs. Chandler about Jackson's death.
Thomas Jonathan "Stonewall" Jackson was a Confederate general during the American Civil War, and the best-known Confederate commander after General Robert E. Lee. His military career includes the Valley Campaign of 1862 and his service as a corps commander in the Army of Northern Virginia, under Robert E. Lee. Confederate pickets accidentally shot him at the Battle of Chancellorsville on May 2, 1863. The general survived but lost an arm to amputation; he died of complications from pneumonia eight days later. His death was a severe setback for the Confederacy, affecting not only its military prospects, but also the morale of its army and of the general public. Jackson in death became an icon of Southern heroism and commitment, and became a mainstay in the pantheon of the "Lost Cause".
Frame measures 21 1/2 inches x 29 1/2 inches
Inventory Number: PAI 023