West Point Muster Roll Signed Twice by Two Union Generals - Muster Roll of the Musicians attached to the Cadets of the U.S. Military Academy from the twenty-eight day of February 1843, commanded by 1st Lieutenant I. McDowell, 1st Regiment of Artillery. Document is double sided and contains the signatures of Irwin McDowell 1st Lieut. 1st Artillery / Commanding the Musicians and Richard Delafield Major of Engineers / Inspector and Mustering Officer / Superintendent of Military Academy on both sides. Dated May 1, 1843. Attractively housed in protective sleeve. Total dimensions are about 19 7/8" x 25 1/2" actual 14 7/8" x 20 1/2".
Residence was not listed; a 37 year-old US Army Officer.
Enlisted on 3/31/1856 as a Major.
On 3/31/1856 he was commissioned into US Army 1st Light Artillery
(Date and method of discharge not given)
(Prior service in US Army since 07/01/1838; subsequent service until retiring 10/15/1882)
On 5/14/1861 he was commissioned into US Volunteers General Staff
He was Mustered Out on 9/1/1866
* Brig-General 5/14/1861
* Major-Gen 3/14/1862
* Major-Gen 3/13/1865 by Brevet
Born 10/15/1818 in Columbus, OH
Died 5/4/1885 in San Francisco, CA
(Graduate USMA 07/01/1838)
McDowell, Irvin, major-general, was born in Ohio, Oct. 18, 1818, received his early education at the College of Troves in France, and was graduated at West Point in 1838, becoming second lieutenant in the 1st artillery. He was recalled to the military academy in 1841, and served four years, first as assistant instructor in infantry tactics, and afterward as adjutant. On the outbreak of the Mexican trouble he was appointed aide-de-camp to Gen. John E. Wool, and took a creditable part at the battle of Buena Vista in 1847, which earned for him the brevet of captain. He continued with the army of occupation for a while, and was then made assistant adjutant-general in the war department serving in Washington, New York, and elsewhere, and attaining the rank of major on March 31, 1856. After the Civil war was declared he occupied himself in organizing volunteer companies at the capital until he was made brigadier-general, May 14, 1861, and assigned to the command of the Department of northeastern Virginia. On May 29 he was transferred to the Army of the Potomac, and in such command fought the well-planned but unsuccessful battle of the first Bull Run. On March 14, 1862, he was made major-general of volunteers, and took part in the engagements of Cedar mountain, Rappahannock Station, and the second battle of Manassas, but ill fortune continued to follow him and he was retired from active duty on the field, Sept. 6, 1862. On July 1, 1864, he was assigned to the command of the Department of the Pacific, and on July 27, 1865 he was transferred to the Department of California, holding the latter office until March 31, 1868. Meanwhile he was mustered out of the volunteer service and received the brevet of major-general, U.S.A, Sept. 1, 1866. In July, 1868, he was assigned to the Department of the East, and on Nov. 25, 1872, he was promoted major-general. After this he had command of the division of the South until June 30, 1876, and again of the Department of the Pacific until his retirement, Oct. 15, 1882. Gen. McDowell died in San Francisco, May 4, 1885.
Born: 09/01/1798 in New York, NY
Died: 11/05/1873 in Washington, DC
USMA: 1818, class rank: 01/23
08/06/61 Lt Colonel Army
06/01/63 Colonel Army
04/22/64 Brig-General Army
Chief of Engineers 03/13/65 Major-General Brevet Army
Richard Delafield (September 1, 1798 – November 5, 1873) served as superintendent of the United States Military Academy, was Chief of Engineers, and was a major general in the Union Army during the American Civil War.
Delafield, born in New York City, New York, one of the 14 children of John and Anne (née Hallett) Delafield. His father had emigrated to New York from England in 1788 and made a fortune as a merchant. His brother was Edward Delafield (1794–1875), a prominent American physician.
He was the first graduate of the United States Military Academy to receive a merit class standing, ranking first in the class of 1818. Commissioned in the Corps of Engineers, he was a topographical engineer with the American commission to establish the northern boundary under the Treaty of Ghent.
He served as assistant engineer in the construction of Hampton Roads defenses from 1819–1824 and was in charge of fortifications and surveys in the Mississippi River delta area from 1824-1832. While superintendent of repair work on the Cumberland Road east of the Ohio River, he designed and built Dunlap's Creek Bridge in Brownsville, Pennsylvania, the first cast-iron tubular-arch bridge in the United States. Appointed superintendent of the Military Academy after the fire in 1838, he designed the new buildings and the new cadet uniform that first displayed the castle insignia. He superintended the construction of coast defenses for New York Harbor from 1846-1855.
In 1855, Delafield formed the Delafield Commission, and was sent by the Secretary of War, Jefferson Davis, to Europe, including the Crimea, to observe the European military. The commission also included officers George B. McClellan and Alfred Mordecai. They served as military observers at the Siege of Sevastopol during the Crimean War.
Delafield served as superintendent of the Military Academy again from 1856-1861. He was in charge of New York Harbor defenses (1861–64) and Chief Engineer from 1864 until his retirement in 1866.
Inventory Number: DOC 096