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  • Collection of Dug Relics from Crampton’s Gap, Battle of South Mountain

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    Collection of Dug Relics from Crampton’s Gap, Battle of South Mountain - Inventory Number: GRO 058

    Collection of excavated Civil War relics recovered from Crampton’s Gap near Burkittsville, Maryland, part of the Battle of South Mountain. The centerpiece of the collection is an eagle breast plate, missing the iron attachment hooks and slightly curved but in overall good condition. The lot includes a Bormann fuse, brass underplug from a Confederate Bormann shell, a piece of spur, a shoulder scale key, U.S. issue “gum blanket” grommets, a brass shoulder scale key, and numerous pre–Civil War flat buttons and miscellaneous brass relics. Housed in a hinged, 6 inch x 12cinch glass top display case. The Battle of South Mountain was fought on September 14, 1862, as part of the Maryland campaign of the American Civil War. Three pitched battles were fought for possession of three South Mountain passes: Crampton's, Turner's, and Fox's Gaps. Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan, commanding the Union Army of the Potomac, needed to pass through these gaps in his pursuit of Confederate General Robert E. Lee's precariously divided Army of Northern Virginia. Although the delay bought at South Mountain would allow him to reunite his army and forestall defeat in detail, Lee considered termination of the Maryland Campaign at nightfall. The Battle of Antietam would be fought three days later on September 17th. A nice collection of relics from an important Civil War engagement. 

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    Inventory Number: GRO 058