Presentation Model 1850 Foot Officer's Sword - The face of the pommel cap is engraved "J. Krein / Capt. Co. "E". John Krein was Captain of the 3rd Maryland Infantry. The model 1850 foot officer's sword was supplied to all Army foot officers with the rank Major and below from 1851 to 1865. The tempered high carbon steel blade is etched with the letters "US", a floral pattern, branches and scrolls. The solid brass guard and hilt also displays a floral design.
John Krein Enlisted on 10/9/1861 as a Captain.
On 10/9/1861 he was commissioned into "E" Co. MD 3rd Infantry
He was Mustered Out on 5/7/1862
Intra Regimental Company Transfers:
* from company E to company H
MARYLAND THIRD INFANTRY (Three Years)
Third Infantry. - Cols., John C. McConnell, David P. DeWitt, Joseph M. Sudsburg; Lieut.-Col., Gilbert P. Robinson; Majs., William B. Kennedy, Samuel Kramer. The organization of this regiment was commenced on June 18, 1861, at Baltimore and Williamsport, but it was not completed until Feb. 17, 1862. The four companies enlisted in the summer of 1861 at Williamsport were composed largely of Union men and refugees from Jefferson and Berkeley counties, Va. Upon the organization of the regiment they became Companies A, B, C and I, and the Baltimore companies were designated as D, E, F and G. On May 11, 1862, Companies E, F, H and I were broken up and the men distributed among the other companies. The companies thus dissolved were replaced by four companies from the German Rifles, or 4th Maryland infantry and the Baltimore light infantry, both of these regiments having failed to complete their organization. On May 24, 1862 the regiment was ordered to Harper's Ferry and assigned to the army under Gen. Banks, afterward known as the 12th corps. It took part in the battle of Cedar Mountain, Aug. 9, 1862, and in the subsequent movements of the army under Gen. Pope. In the invasion of Maryland in the fall of that year it was with Gen. McClellan in the campaign which culminated in the battle of Antietam, where the 3d regiment distinguished itself by its bravery. After the battle of Antietam it remained in the Shenandoah Valley until about the beginning of the year 1863, when it marched to eastern Virginia as a part of the 12th corps, and joined the Army of the Potomac. It was in the battle of Chancellorsville, after which it was transferred to the West and assisted in relieving the army at Chattanooga, Tenn. In Feb., 1864 the original members of the regiment, who had been in service for two years, were veteranized by re-enlistment, and at the expiration of their 30 days' furlough the regiment was assigned to the 2nd brigade, 1st division, 9th corps, with which it continued until mustered out at Arlington Heights, Va., on July 31, 1865. In the official records of the war the regiment is reported as having participated in the battles of Cedar Mountain, Antietam, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Wilderness, Spottsylvania, along the North Anna river, Cold Harbor, the siege of Petersburg, Poplar Spring Church, and a number of minor engagements. It lost while in the service 225 men, 91 of whom were killed in battle. From the time of its muster in to the close of its service it traveled by rail 2,903 miles, by water 289 miles, and marched 1,771 miles.
Inventory Number: SWO 036